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peat soil encyclopedia

peat soil encyclopedia

Peat Soils Encyclopedia

2021-4-5  Peat soils A soil that is derived completely from the decomposing remains of plants. Plants that commonly form peat include reeds, sedges, sphagnum moss, and grasses. The plant remains do not decompose but continue to accumulate because the wet and/or cool environment in which they occur is not conducive to aerobic decomposition . Vegetable crops are often grown on peat soils.

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Peat Encyclopedia

2021-4-17  peat An organic soil or deposit; in Britain, a soil with an O horizon at least 40 cm thick. Peat formation occurs when decomposition is slow owing to anaerobic conditions associated with

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Article about Peaty soil by The Free Dictionary -

peat, soil material consisting of partially decomposed organic matter, found mainly in swamps and bogs in various parts of the northern temperate zone but also in some semitropical and tropical regions.

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Peat Soils - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Drained fen or light peat soils are among the most fertile arable soils. Crops such as potatoes, sugar beet, celery, onions, carrots, lettuce and market garden crops are commonly grown. Cereals produce low yields. On light undrained peats, or where the water table remains high, the main crop is grass.

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Peat Soils SpringerLink

2018-5-4  Abstract. Peat soils are the most dominant type of organic soils developed through centuries under wetland conditions by the accumulation of partially decomposed and undecomposed plant residues. The other type of organic soil is muck which also develops by the accumulation of organic soil materials, but in this type, materials are relatively well ...

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The Global Distribution of Peat - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE ...

2017-1-16  J.P.Andriesse (1988) Nature and management of Tropical Peat Soils Soil Resources, Management and Conservation Service FAO Land and Water Development Division, UN. [ This publication provides a systematic introduction to peat and peatland, including the main uses of peat, especially in agriculture] Biographical Sketches Liu Zigang was born in 1971. She obtained a

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Conditions of Peat Formation - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE ...

2017-1-16  4.1. Soil Microbes and the Decomposition of Organic Debris 4.2. Soil Temperature, Humidity, and the Decomposition of Organic Debris 4.3. pH Value and the Decomposition of Organic Debris 5. Conclusion Bibliography Biographical Sketch Summary Peat formation and development are mainly controlled by the combined conditions of water and temperature.

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Peat SpringerLink

2016-4-7  The Irish Peatland Conservation Council defines peat as: “a soil that is made up of the partially decomposed remains of dead plants which have accumulated on top of each other in waterlogged places for thousands of years. Areas where peat accumulates are called peatlands.

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Peat Bogs Encyclopedia

2021-6-16  Peat Bogs A peat bog is a type of wetland whose soft, spongy ground is composed largely of living and decaying Sphagnum moss. Decayed, compacted moss is known as peat, which can be harvested to use for fuel or as a soil additive. Source for information on

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soil - Encyclopedia Britannica Britannica

2021-6-8  Soil, the biologically active, porous medium that has developed in the uppermost layer of Earth’s crust. It is one of the principal substrata of life on Earth, serving as a reservoir of water and nutrients, as a medium for the filtration and

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Peat Soils Encyclopedia

2021-4-5  Peat soils A soil that is derived completely from the decomposing remains of plants. Plants that commonly form peat include reeds, sedges, sphagnum moss, and grasses. The plant remains do not decompose but continue to accumulate because the wet and/or cool environment in which they occur is not conducive to aerobic decomposition . Vegetable crops are often grown on peat soils.

Get Price

Article about Peaty soil by The Free Dictionary -

peat, soil material consisting of partially decomposed organic matter, found mainly in swamps and bogs in various parts of the northern temperate zone but also in some semitropical and tropical regions. Peat is formed by the slow decay of successive layers of aquatic and semiaquatic plants, e.g., sedges, reeds, rushes, and mosses, and is the ...

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Peat Soils - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

More DOC is released from peat soils following drought periods in summer not only because of increased aeration of the surface layer but also because a greater depth of soil is affected by weathering as the water table is lowered because of greater evapotranspiration (Holden et al., 2004; Worrall et al., 2002). Decreasing summer precipitation ...

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Peat Soils SpringerLink

2018-5-4  Peat soils are the most dominant type of organic soils developed through centuries under wetland conditions by the accumulation of partially decomposed and undecomposed plant residues. The other type of organic soil is muck which also develops by the accumulation of organic soil materials, but in this type, materials are relatively well ...

Get Price

Conditions of Peat Formation - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE ...

2017-1-16  4.1. Soil Microbes and the Decomposition of Organic Debris 4.2. Soil Temperature, Humidity, and the Decomposition of Organic Debris 4.3. pH Value and the Decomposition of Organic Debris 5. Conclusion Bibliography Biographical Sketch Summary Peat formation and development are mainly controlled by the combined conditions of water and temperature.

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Peat SpringerLink

2016-4-7  The Irish Peatland Conservation Council defines peat as: “a soil that is made up of the partially decomposed remains of dead plants which have accumulated on top of each other in waterlogged places for thousands of years.Areas where peat accumulates are called peatlands. Peat is brownish‐black in color and in its natural state is composed of 90% water and 10% solid material”.

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Classification of Peat and Peatland - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF

2017-1-16  Peat is a peculiar product of waterlogged ground, and peatland is the place where peat accumulates. To date, there are no widely agreed definitions of peat and peatland, because different scholars have adopted different standards. Peat consists of liquid, gaseous, and solid state matter, and its most important constituent is organic matter.

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Peat Bogs Encyclopedia

2021-6-16  Peat Bogs A peat bog is a type of wetland whose soft, spongy ground is composed largely of living and decaying Sphagnum moss. Decayed, compacted moss is known as peat, which can be harvested to use for fuel or as a soil additive. Source for information on Peat Bogs

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Peat - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

D.H. Vitt, in Encyclopedia of Ecology, 2008 Nutrient Sequestration (Oligotrophification) Peat forms due to slow decompositional processes that allow organic materials to be deposited as peat. As organic material is deposited, it contains within its carbon matrix nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, which were originally incorporated in the cell structure of the living plants ...

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soil - Encyclopedia Britannica Britannica

2021-6-8  Soil, the biologically active, porous medium that has developed in the uppermost layer of Earth’s crust. It is one of the principal substrata of life on Earth, serving as a reservoir of water and nutrients, as a medium for the filtration and

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Peatlands Encyclopedia

2021-4-16  Peatlands Expansive areas of peat soils are referred to as peatlands. These areas are often located in what were once lakes or oceans. The clay deposits from the former lake provide an impermeable layer so that water accumulates. Plants growing in this wet environment will not be able to decompose because of a lack of oxygen. Accumulations of plants will continue to increase the

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Conditions of Peat Formation - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE ...

2017-1-16  4.1. Soil Microbes and the Decomposition of Organic Debris 4.2. Soil Temperature, Humidity, and the Decomposition of Organic Debris 4.3. pH Value and the Decomposition of Organic Debris 5. Conclusion Bibliography Biographical Sketch Summary Peat formation and development are mainly controlled by the combined conditions of water and temperature.

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The Global Distribution of Peat - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE ...

2017-1-16  J.P.Andriesse (1988) Nature and management of Tropical Peat Soils Soil Resources, Management and Conservation Service FAO Land and Water Development Division, UN. [ This publication provides a systematic introduction to peat and peatland, including the main uses of peat, especially in agriculture] Biographical Sketches Liu Zigang was born in ...

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Classification of Peat and Peatland - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF

2017-1-16  Peat is a peculiar product of waterlogged ground, and peatland is the place where peat accumulates. To date, there are no widely agreed definitions of peat and peatland, because different scholars have adopted different standards. Peat consists of liquid, gaseous, and solid state matter, and its most important constituent is organic matter.

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Peat The Canadian Encyclopedia

2006-2-7  Peat, living and partially decomposed organic matter, consists principally of decayed brown mosses, Sphagnum plants, sedges and other semiaquatic plant remains.Peat is formed slowly in water-logged areas by the decay of vegetation, mostly under anaerobic (oxygen-deficient) conditions, and contains up to 95% water by weight.Canada's extensive peatlands developed since the last glaciation,

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Peat - Energy Education

2021-6-18  Peat is a soft, crumbly, dark brown substance that is formed from generations of dead and partially decaying organic matter.To form peat, the vegetation must fall and be buried in a relatively oxygen poor environment so that it can be incorporated into layers of the soil without completely decomposing. Peat

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Peat - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Anne Jelle Schilstra, Michiel A.W. Gerding, in Encyclopedia of Energy, 2004. 3 Environmental Concerns. The use of peat for energy has a number of environmental problems in common with the use of fossil fuels. Of global concern is the emission of CO 2.Plants that are the source of renewable biofuels recycle atmospheric CO 2 so that solar energy can in principle be harvested and used in a carbon ...

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Physical and Chemical Properties of Peat

2017-1-16  peat. Peat properties reflect the peat-forming environment, development process and the types of peat-forming plants. Peat consists of organic matter, mineral matter and water. Under natural conditions, the content of water in peat exceeds 80% and content of gases content is about 6%. In dry peat, the organic matter content can reach 50%.

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Peat Extraction - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

D.H. Vitt, in Encyclopedia of Ecology (Second Edition), 2013 Peatlands as Carbon Sinks. Peat is about 51% carbon and peatlands hold about 270–370 Pg (petagram) of carbon or about one-third of the world’s soil carbon.For example in Alberta (Canada), where peatlands cover about 21% of the provincial landscape, the carbon in peatlands amounts to 13.5 Pg compared to 0.8 Pg in agricultural ...

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peat moss plant - Encyclopedia Britannica

2020-8-18  peat moss, also called bog moss or sphagnum moss, any of more than 150–300 species of plants in the subclass Sphagnidae, of the division Bryophyta, comprising the family Sphagnaceae, which contains one genus, Sphagnum.The

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peat Infoplease

2020-12-21  soil material consisting of partially decomposed organic matter, found mainly in swamps and bogs in various parts of the northern temperate zone but also in some semitropical and tropical regions. Peat is formed by the slow decay of successive layers of

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The Global Distribution of Peat - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE ...

2017-1-16  J.P.Andriesse (1988) Nature and management of Tropical Peat Soils Soil Resources, Management and Conservation Service FAO Land and Water Development Division, UN. [ This publication provides a systematic introduction to peat and peatland, including the main uses of peat, especially in agriculture] Biographical Sketches Liu Zigang was born in ...

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Peat or Muck Organic Soil SpringerLink

Cite this entry as: (2020) Peat or Muck Organic Soil. In: Manzello S.L. (eds) Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires.

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Classification of Peat and Peatland - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF

2017-1-16  Peat is a peculiar product of waterlogged ground, and peatland is the place where peat accumulates. To date, there are no widely agreed definitions of peat and peatland, because different scholars have adopted different standards. Peat consists of liquid, gaseous, and solid state matter, and its most important constituent is organic matter.

Get Price

Peat The Canadian Encyclopedia

2006-2-7  Peat, living and partially decomposed organic matter, consists principally of decayed brown mosses, Sphagnum plants, sedges and other semiaquatic plant remains.Peat is formed slowly in water-logged areas by the decay of vegetation, mostly under anaerobic (oxygen-deficient) conditions, and contains up to 95% water by weight.Canada's extensive peatlands developed since the last glaciation,

Get Price

Peat - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

D.H. Vitt, in Encyclopedia of Ecology, 2008 Nutrient Sequestration (Oligotrophification) Peat forms due to slow decompositional processes that allow organic materials to be deposited as peat. As organic material is deposited, it contains within its carbon matrix nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, which were originally incorporated in the cell structure of the living plants ...

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Muck soil - Encyclopedia Britannica

Other articles where Muck is discussed: vegetable farming: Site: and the organic type called muck or peat. Mineral soils include sandy, loamy, and clayey types. Sandy and loamy soils are usually preferred for vegetable production. Soil reaction and degree of fertility can be determined by chemical analysis. The reaction of the soil determines to a great extent the availability

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Physical and Chemical Properties of Peat

2017-1-16  peat. Peat properties reflect the peat-forming environment, development process and the types of peat-forming plants. Peat consists of organic matter, mineral matter and water. Under natural conditions, the content of water in peat exceeds 80% and content of gases content is about 6%. In dry peat, the organic matter content can reach 50%.

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Bog wetland - Encyclopedia Britannica

Bog, type of wetland ecosystem characterized by wet, spongy, poorly drained peaty soil. Bogs can be divided into three types: (1) typical bogs of cool regions, dominated by the growth of bog mosses, Sphagnum, and heaths, particularly Chamaedaphne (northern

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soil - Students Britannica Kids Homework Help

Soil chemists, physicists, mineralogists, and microbiologists conduct research on soil properties and behavior. Edaphologists study the soil as a medium for the production of crops. Soil scientists attempt to find ways of managing the soil so that it will provide maximum crop

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